Astrology in Judaism speculum Vol I – Enoch
Chanoch – Enoch
Enoch was a prophet who allegedly lived from 3284-3017 B. C . Enoch the Prophet, in the Qur’an, Enoch is called Idris. In the bible he is called Chanoch.. The ancient Greeks declare that Enoch is the same as Hermes.
According to the biblical narrative (Genesis 5:21-24), Enoch lived 365 years, far less than the other patriarchs in the period before the Flood. Enoch allegedly walked with God who turned him into the archangel Metatron.
He called the people back to his forefathers’ religion, but only a few listened to him, while the majority turned away. According to the Talmud Selections (pp. 18-21) when the people went astray, Enoch who lived a pious life in seclusion was given prophethood. He came among the people and by his sermons and speeches made the people give up the way if sin and obey the Command of God.
Enoch was the first to invent books and writing, much like Thorah the scribe. Enoch taught the people some admirable laws. He discovered the knowledge of the Zodiac, and the course of the Planets.
The book of Enoch is a part of apocalyptic literature. This book was probably written in the first half of the first century A.D.
According to the author, Enoch was able to know the feature, since he was familiar and skilled with the secrets of the occult wisdom. Enoch was the person whose task was to announce to mankind the forthcoming, he was send by the heavenly angels to warn the sinners angels which were living on earth, to tell them there outcome of there doings and sins.
Enoch is doing a voyage to the seven heavens, there he was thought al the mystery about the cosmos creation, and Enoch learned about the powers of nature, about the sky, the planets, the Zodiac, all the wisdom of astrology. Once Enoch was dominating that wisdom, he was able to warn mankind about what will happen if mankind wont improve his behaviour.
Enoch astrological wisdom was mention by Middle Ages astrologers such as,
Mash-al-lla, Abraham Iben – Ezra, Abu-masser. Ibn –Ezra, was the first to recognize and mention Enoch’s astrology wisdom, Ibn – Ezra pointes out Enoch capability to forecast mundane phenomenon such as the flood, Ibn – Ezra explanation is that Enoch was well versed, in the planets and signs, in the time and planets cycles. Enoch was a source for Astrological and Astronomical data for Ibn – Ezra, and for Abu – Masser.
Abu –Masser and Iben – Ezra are doing a distinction between the “ancient Enoch”, the “first Enoch” and the “Egyptian Enoch”. How ever Ibn – Ezra sees in Enoch as an Scientist in the fields of Astrology and Theology, the first how compose an Horoscope according to the plants , signs, houses and aspects .
See. Shlomo Sela ” Astrology and biblical exegesis in Abraham Ibe Ezra’s Thought“
Another scholar is referring to that subject by saying that Enoch’s wisdom brought a controversy among the middle – ages astrologers.
It was written about Enoch in the Holy Scriptures, in the Old Testament, that Enoch was a very wise and pious person, who thought the planets wisdom to the nations. He (Enoch) thought the nation the knowledge of the seasons, climate, holiday’s, and festival, especially according to the planets rulers.
See Franco Shelomo ” Supercomanter to the Thora interpretation” Columbia
” Abu Massr said that Hermes ( Enoch) were numerus . Their first was the one who came before the flood, whom the Hebrews refer to as the prophet Khanukh or Akhnuch, this is Idris – pace be upon him. After the flood there were several Hermes noted for their knowledge and wisdom…..…..A group of scholars claimed that all the science that was known before the flood originated from Hermes the first who lived in Upper Egypt…It was said that he was the first to discuss stellar objects and the movement of the stars…….He was the first to predict the flood and to foretell that a celestial catastrophe of water and fire would strike the earth”.
( it is a belief that Enoch went to live in Egypt after the Flood M.I.K.K)
See Said Al – Andalusi ” Book of the Categories of Nations“
The World of Hanoch the Scribe of Yahuah
I would like to start our voyage through the years with a person named Hanoch, he was mention in the book of Genesis, The book “The world of Hanoch” was well known before the time of Jesus, in the book Hanoch left a discretion from peoples that Hanoch is considering as Angeles of Yahuah, this book was written on the angels’ instruction. Hanoch had two main reasons for writing his book. The first was because the watchers instructed him to do it, the second reason was to save his family from the flood.
Hanoch began his story and said: There was a righteous whose eyes were opened by the Elohim, and he saw a Set-Apart vision in the heavens, which the Angels showed to me. Those men –Angeles said to me do not fear, the eternal Elohim sent us to you.
The angels took me on their wings and bore me up on to the first heaven, they brought before my face the elders and rulers of the stellar orders, and they showed me two hundred angels, how rule the stars and their services to the heavens……….
Those men took me, and led me up on to the fourth heaven, and showed me all the successive going, and all the rays of the light of sun and moon. And I measure their goings, and compared their light, and saw that the sun’s light is greater than the moon’s. And I saw its circle and the wheels on which it goes always, like the wind going past with very marvellous speed, and day and night it has no rest.
“The World of Hanoch the Scribe of Yahuah“, translated in to English By Stephen Howard Aherns.
THE BOOK OF ENOCH, The book of the courses of the heavenly luminaries
tr. by R.H. Charles
Chapter LXXII The Sun
1. The book of the courses of the luminaries of the heaven, the relations of each, according to their classes, their dominion and their seasons, according to their names and places of origin, and according to their months, which Uriel, the holy angel, who was with me, who is their guide, showed me; and he showed me all their laws exactly as they are, and how it is with regard to all the years of the world and unto eternity, till the new creation is
accomplished which dureth till eternity.
2. And this is the first law of the luminaries: the luminary the Sun has its rising in the eastern portals of the heaven, and its setting in the western portals of the heaven.
3. And I saw six portals in which the sun rises, and six portals in which the sun sets and the moon rises and sets in these portals, and the leaders of the stars and those whom they lead: six in the east and six in the west, and all following each other in accurately corresponding order: also many windows to the right and left of these portals.
4. And first there goes forth the great luminary, named the Sun, and his circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and he is quite filled with illuminating and heating fire.
5. The chariot on which he ascends, the wind drives, and the sun goes down from the heaven and returns through the north in order to reach the east, and is so guided that he comes to the appropriate (lit. ‘that’) portal and shines in the face of the heaven.
6. In this way he rises in the first month in the great portal, which is the fourth those six portals in the cast.
7. And in that fourth portal from which the sun rises in the first month are twelve window-openings, from which proceed a flame when they are opened in their season.
8. When the sun rises in the heaven, he comes forth through that fourth portal thirty mornings in succession, and sets accurately in the fourth portal in the west of the heaven.
9. And during this period the day becomes daily longer and the night nightly shorter to the thirtieth morning.
10. On that day the day is longer than the night by a ninth part, and the day amounts exactly to ten parts and the night to eight parts.
11. And the sun rises from that fourth portal, and sets in the fourth and returns to the fifth portal of the east thirty mornings, and rises from it and sets in the fifth portal.
12. And then the day becomes longer by †two† parts and amounts to eleven parts, and the night becomes shorter and amounts to seven parts.
13. And it returns to the east and enters into
the sixth portal, and rises and sets in the sixth portal one-and-thirty mornings on account of its sign.
14. On that day the day becomes longer than the night, and the day becomes double the night, and the day becomes twelve parts, and the night is shortened and becomes six parts.
15. And the sun mounts up to make the day shorter and the night longer, and the sun returns to the east and enters into the sixth portal, and rises from it and sets thirty mornings.
16. And when thirty mornings are accomplished, the day decreases by exactly one part, and becomes eleven parts, and the night seven.
17. And the sun goes forth from that sixth portal in the west, and goes to the east and rises in the fifth portal for thirty mornings, and sets in the west again in the fifth western portal.
18. On that day the day decreases by †two† parts, and amounts to ten parts and the night to eight parts.
19. And the sun goes forth from that fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of the west, and rises in the fourth portal for one-and-thirty mornings on account of its sign, and sets in the west.
20. On that day the day is equalized with the night, [and becomes of equal length], and the night amounts to nine parts and the day to nine parts.
21. And the sun rises from that portal and sets in the west, and returns to the east and rises thirty mornings in the third portal and sets in the west in the third portal. 22. And on that day the night becomes longer than the day, and night becomes longer than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning, and the night amounts exactly to ten parts and the day to eight parts.
23. And the sun rises from that third portal and sets in the third portal in the west and returns to the east, and for thirty mornings rises in the second portal in the east, and in like manner sets in the second portal in the west of the heaven.
24. And on that day the night amounts to eleven parts and the day to seven parts. 25. And the sun rises on that day from that second portal and sets in the west in the second portal, and
returns to the east into the first portal for one-and-thirty mornings, and sets in the first portal in the west of the heaven.
26. And on that day the night becomes longer and amounts to the double of the day: and the night amounts exactly to twelve parts and the day to six.
27. And the sun has (therewith) traversed the divisions of his orbit and turns again on those divisions of his orbit, and enters that portal thirty mornings and sets also in the west opposite to it.
28. And on that night has the night decreased in length by a †ninth† part, and the night has become eleven parts and the day seven parts.
29. And the sun has returned and entered into the second portal in the east, and returns on those his divisions of his orbit for thirty mornings, rising and setting.
30. And on that day the night decreases in length, and the night amounts to ten parts and the day to eight.
31. And on that day the sun rises from that portal, and sets in the west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third portal for one-and-thirty mornings, and sets in the west of the heaven.
32. On that day the night decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night is equal to the day and the year is exactly as to its days three hundred and sixty-four.
33. And the length of the day and of the night, and the shortness of the day and of the night arise–through the course of the sun these distinctions are made (lit. ‘they are separated’).
34. So it comes that its course becomes daily longer, and its course nightly shorter. 35. And this is the law and the course of the sun, and his return as often as he returns sixty times and rises, i.e. the great luminary which is named the sun, for ever and ever.
36. And that which (thus) rises is the great luminary, and is so named according to its appearance, according as the Lord commanded.
37. As he rises, so he sets and decreases not, and rests not, but runs day and night, and his light is sevenfold brighter than that of the moon; but as regards size they are both equal.
Chapter LXXIII. The Moon
1. And after this law I saw another law dealing with the smaller luminary, which is named the Moon.
2. And her circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and her chariot in which she rides is driven by the wind, and light is given to her in (definite) measure. 3. And her rising and setting change every month: and her days are like the days of the sun, and when her light is uniform (i.e. full) it amounts to the seventh part of the light of the sun.
4. And thus she rises. And her first phase in the east comes forth on the thirtieth morning: and on that day she becomes visible, and constitutes for you the first phase of the moon on the thirtieth day together with the sun in the portal where the sun rises.
5. And the one half of her goes forth by a seventh part, and her whole circumference is empty, without light, with the exception of one-seventh part of it, (and) the fourteenth part of her light.
6. And when she receives one-seventh part of the half of her light, her light amounts to one-seventh part and the half thereof.
7. And she sets with the sun, and when the sun rises the moon rises with him and receives the half of one part of light, and in that night in the beginning of her morning [in the commencement of the lunar day] the moon sets with the sun, and is invisible that night with the fourteen parts and the half of one of them.
8. And she rises on that day with exactly a seventh part, and comes forth and recedes from the rising of the sun, and in her remaining days she becomes bright in the (remaining) thirteen parts
Chapter LXXIV. The monthly revolution.
1. And I saw another course, a law for her, (and) how according to that law she performs her monthly revolution.
2. And all these Uriel, the holy angel who is the leader of them all, showed to me, and
their positions, and I wrote down their positions as he showed them to me, and I wrote down their months as they were, and the appearance of their lights till fifteen days were accomplished.
3. In single seventh parts she accomplishes all her light in the east, and in single seventh parts accomplishes all her darkness in the west.
4. And in certain months she alters her settings, and in certain months she pursues her own peculiar course.
5. In two months the moon sets with the sun: in those two middle portals the third and the fourth.
6. She goes forth for seven days, and turns about and returns again through the portal where the sun rises, and accomplishes all her light: and she recedes from the sun, and in eight days enters the sixth portal from which the sun goes forth.
7. And when the sun goes forth from the fourth portal she goes forth seven days, until she goes forth from the fifth and turns back again in seven days into the fourth portal and accomplishes all her light: and she recedes and enters into the first portal in eight days.
8. And she returns again in seven days into the fourth portal from which the sun goes forth.
9. Thus I saw their position–how the moons rose and the sun set in those days.
10. And if five years are added together the sun has an overplus of thirty days, and all the days which accrue to it for one of those five years, when they are full, amount to 364 days.
11. And the overplus of the sun and of the stars amounts to six days: in 5 years 6 days every year come to 30 days: and the moon falls behind the sun and stars to the number of 30 days.
12. And the sun and the stars bring in all the years exactly, so that they do not advance or delay their position by a single day unto eternity; but complete the years with perfect justice in 364 days.
13. In 3 years there are 1092 days, and in 5 years 1820 days, so that in 8 years there are 2912 days.
14. For the moon alone the days amount in 3 years to 1062 days, and in 5 years she falls 50 days behind: [i.e. to the sum (of 1770) there is
to be added (1000 and) 62 days.
15. And in 5 years there are 1770 days, so that for the moon the days in 8 years amount to 2832 days.
16. For in 8 years she falls behind to the amount of 80 days], all the days she falls behind in 8 years are 80.
17. And the year is accurately completed in conformity with their world-stations and the stations of the sun, which rise from the portals through which it (the sun) rises and sets 30 days.
Chapter LXXV. The stars
1.And the leaders of the heads of the thousands, who are placed over the whole creation and over all the stars, have also to do with the four intercalary days, being inseparable from their office, according to the reckoning of the year, and these render service on the four days which are not reckoned in the reckoning of the year. 2. And owing to them men go wrong therein, for those luminaries truly render service on the world-stations, one in the first portal, one in the third portal of the heaven, one in the fourth portal, and one in the sixth portal, and the exactness of the year is accomplished through its separate three hundred and sixty-four stations. 3. For the signs and the times and the years and the days the angel Uriel showed to me, whom the Lord of glory hath set for ever over all the luminaries of the heaven, in the heaven and in the world, that they should rule on the face of the heaven and be seen on the earth, and be leaders for the day and the night, i.e. the sun, moon, and stars, and all the ministering creatures which make their revolution in all the chariots of the heaven.
4. In like manner twelve doors Uriel showed me, open in the circumference of the sun’s chariot in the heaven, through which the rays of the sun break forth: and from them is warmth diffused over the earth, when they are opened at their appointed seasons.
5. [And for the winds and the spirit of the dew† when they are opened, standing open in the heavens at the ends.]
6. As for the twelve portals in the heaven, at the ends of the earth, out of which go forth the sun, moon, and stars, and all
the works of heaven in the east and in the west.
7. There are many windows open to the left and right of them, and one window at its (appointed) season produces warmth, corresponding (as these do) to those doors from which the stars come forth according as He has commanded them, and wherein they set corresponding to their number.
8. And I saw chariots in the heaven, running in the world, above those portals in which revolve the stars that never set. 9. And one is larger than all the rest, and it is that that makes its course through the entire world.
Chapter LXXVI. The Twelve Windows and their Portals.
Chapter LXXVII. The Four Quarters of the World: the Seven Mountains, the Seven Rivers, &c
Chapter LXXVIII. The Sun and Moon: the Waxing and Waning of the Moon.
1.And the names of the sun are the following: the first Orjârês, and the second Tômâs.
2. And the moon has four names: the first name is Asônjâ, the second Eblâ, the third Benâsê, and the fourth Erâe.
3. These are the two great luminaries: their circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and the size of the circumference of both is alike.
4. In the circumference of the sun there are seven portions of light which are added to it more than to the moon, and in definite measures it is s transferred till the seventh portion of the sun is exhausted.
5. And they set and enter the portals of the west, and make their revolution by the north, and come forth through the eastern portals on the face of the heaven.
6. And when the moon rises one-fourteenth part appears in the heaven: ?the light becomes full in her?: on the fourteenth day she accomplishes her light.
7. And fifteen parts of light are transferred to her till the fifteenth day (when) her light is accomplished, according to the sign of the year, and she becomes fifteen
parts, and the moon grows by (the addition of) fourteenth parts.
8. And in her waning (the moon) decreases on the first day to fourteen parts of her light, on the second to thirteen parts of light, on the third to twelve, on the fourth to eleven, on the fifth to ten, on the sixth to nine, on the seventh to eight, on the eighth to seven, on the ninth to six, on the tenth to five, on the eleventh to four, on the twelfth to three, on the thirteenth to two, on the fourteenth to the half of a seventh, and all her remaining light disappears wholly on the fifteenth.
9. And in certain months the month has twenty-nine days and once twenty-eight.
10. And Uriel showed me another law: when light is transferred to the moon, and on which side it is transferred to her by the sun.
11. During all the period during which the moon is growing in her light, she is transferring it to herself when opposite to the sun during fourteen days [her light is accomplished in the heaven], and when she is illumined throughout, her light is accomplished full in the heaven.
12. And on the first day she is called the new moon, for on that day the light rises upon her.
13. She becomes full moon exactly on the day when the sun sets in the west, and from the east she rises at night, and the moon shines the whole night through till the sun rises over against her and the moon is seen over against the sun.
14. On the side whence the light of the moon comes forth, there again she wanes till all the light vanishes and all the days of the month are at an end, and her circumference is empty, void of light.
15. And three months she makes of thirty days, and at her time she makes three months of twenty-nine days each, in which she accomplishes her waning in the first period of time, and in the first portal for one hundred and seventy-seven days.
16. And in the time of her going out she appears for three months (of) thirty days each, and for three months she appears (of) twenty-nine each.
17. At night she appears like a man for twenty days each time, and by day she appears like the heaven, and there is nothing else in her save her light.
Chapter LXXIX. 1. Recapitulation of several of the Laws.
1.And now, my son, I have shown thee everything, and the law of all the stars of the heaven is completed.
2. And he showed me all the laws of these for every day, and for every season of bearing rule, and for every year, and for its going forth, and for the order prescribed to it every month and every week:
3. And the waning of the moon which takes place in the sixth portal: for in this sixth portal her light is accomplished, and after that there is the beginning of the waning: 4. ?And the waning? which takes place in the first portal in its season, till one hundred and seventy-seven days are accomplished: reckoned according to weeks, twenty-five (weeks) and two days.
5. She falls behind the sun and the order of the stars exactly five days in the course of one period, and when this place which thou seest has been traversed.
6. Such is the picture and sketch of every luminary which Uriel the archangel, who is their leader, showed unto me.
Enoch or Hanoch or Hermes or Idris,
Franco says that Enoch was the most wised man that ever existed, he was skilful in ‘ all the sciences, he was skilled in particularly in the “Wisdom of the Luminaries”. Enoch thought mankind the nature of the seasons, and how to use this knowledge for their benefits. Enoch was taken away so that he “was not found” and “wouldn’t see death.”
See Dov Schwartz “Amulets Properties and Rationalism in Medieval Jewish Thought“
This figure is a very fascinating figure, the mystery about Enoch is huge, it seams to me that the knowledge that was lost after the flood wont be recover forever, we can only gather bit and pieces, we can collect here and there some information, maybe along the time we will complete the puzzle.
Monius I.Khoschen -Klein
Post time: 12-06-2016